The origin of Fontanelice, like that of other towns in the Santerno Valley, has its roots in prehistory.
This is evidenced by scattered Stone Age fragments that become more numerous in the Villanovan, Etruscan, Celtic, and especially Roman periods. The later urban development, medieval in character, is still evident in the layout of the town center, gathered around the square overlooked by the former public palace, now home to the Giuseppe Mengoni Archive Museum.
Fontanelice was at Imola’s side in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, but then switched with Bologna against Imola itself, allying with Tossignano. The feudal period saw it in the hands of the Alidosi family, owners of several other surrounding lands, until 1424, when it became a territory ruled by the papal power.
Renowned for its wines and gastronomic specialties, Fontanelice offers a rich calendar of cultural initiatives.